Mongolia is situated, Central Asian nation bounded by Russia and China. It has a total area of 1,566,500 sq. km (604,830-sq. mi). The capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar.

Mongolia is an arid plateau region with mountains in the north and the Gobi dominates west, its center and southeast.
Temperatures are very cold in winter and warm to hot in summer. Annual rainfall seldom exceeds 380 mm (15 in) in the mountains and 125 mm (5 in) in the desert. Mongolia’s primary resources are its stock-raising prairies, its fur trade, and its mostly unexploited minerals.

The population in July 1989 was 2,125,463. Approximately, 51 percent live in urban areas, nearly 25 percent in Ulaanbaatar. In 1987 population density per square kilometer 1.36; sex ratio 50.1 percent male, 49.9 percent female as of 1986.

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